Symptoms of Hydrocele :
Hydrocele is painless lump that may arise on both sides of Testicles.
Hydrocele is very common in newborn babies and disappears with the passage of time. It does not create any complications in the newborns.
The symptoms of Hydrocele can be
- Lump on the sides of Testicles.
- Pain in the lump.
- Swelling in the Testicles.
Causes of Hydrocele :
In a healthy person the Testicles go down from Abdomen to the Scrotum. The Hydrocele sac appears when this tube does not close in the Scrotum. So the Serous Fluid flows down from the Abdomen and start collecting in the Scrotum. This fluid causes the inflammation in the Scrotum.
The strange buildup of serous fluid may appear because of inflammation or injury to the testicle or Epididymis. Epididymis is a tube that carries Sperm.
The presence of blood or fluid in the Spermatic cord can also cause Hydrocele.
The disease of Hydrocele is common in old people.
Hydrocele can also be associated with the Inguinal Hernia. Inguinal Hernia is a type of Hernia in which an Intestinal Loop moves in the Inguinal Canal. This Hernia is common in Males.
Diagnosis of Hydrocele :
The doctor diagnoses the Hydrocele with the physical examination. The doctor usually finds a hard Swollen Scrotum. In this case the Testicles cannot be felt due to the presence of fluid around it. It is found that applying pressure on the Scrotum can increase or decrease the size of liquid-filled sac on the sides of Testicles. Hydrocele examination is also done by Transillumination. In this process a flash light is put on the Scrotum and if Scrotum is filled with the liquid the light passes through it.
Other Tests for Hydrocele :
The Sonography and the Ultrasound tests are also used to diagnose the Hydrocele. It also helps us to differentiate between Hydroceles and Spermatoceles.
Sonography tells us about the flow of blood in the Testicles.
There are few diseases which are different from Hydrcoele but they can also give rise to the Scrotal swelling and they are
- Testicular teratoma
- Epididymo- Orchitis
- Epididymal Cyst
- Morgagni Hydatid